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1.3亿人如何实现“农村养老”?三题待解

发布时间:2021-10-03 09:11:59

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  (两会观察)1.3亿人如何实现“农村养老”?三题待解

  北京3月9日电 题:1.3亿人如何实现“农村养老”?三题待解

  作者 柴敬博 李晗雪

  地区经济相对落后、青壮年人口流出、养老观念相对落后等,诸多现实因素“拦”在了完善农村养老的路上。今年全国两会上,多位人大代表、政协委员关注“农村养老”话题。

资料图:广西隆安县东信村“爸妈食堂”内,村民取餐。 记者 陈冠言 摄

  农工党中央在《关于加快推进农村养老服务体系建设的提案》中指出,中国60岁以上的老年人超2.5亿,农村老年人占1.3亿;农村老龄化水平达22.5%,呈现出“老龄程度更深”“未富先老更快”“困难老人更多”“养老需求更迫切”等特殊性;预测到2028年,中国农村老年人口比重将突破30%,高于城市11个百分点。

  四个特殊性和加速上涨数字的背后,显现出中国农村养老的三个不足。

  农村养老“医养结合供给”不足

  “农村养老的现实条件是外出务工人员多、常常只有老人孩子留守;还有相当数量的低保户、特困供养对象。”全国政协委员、农工党山东省委会主委段青英说,虽然现在农村已经建起敬老院、幸福院,但覆盖率仍有提升空间。

  除基础设施外,全国人大代表、四川省眉山市青神中学副校长王晓梅在调研中发现,农村养老服务体系医养结合供给不足、机构之间水平不一,存在服务不全、入住率不高等问题。

资料图。发 余秀娟 摄

  全国政协委员、北京市丰台区方庄社区卫生服务中心主任吴浩向记者表示,养老问题不能只依靠医疗,重点还是在“养”。他认为,优先发展“医养结合”模式,家庭医师签约、医疗讲座、义诊宣传进社区等多项举措也应被“寄予厚望”。

  农村养老“人才储备”不足

  全国政协委员、河南省人民医院老年医学科主任黄改荣与农村老人交流中发现,缺少“主心骨”或是农村养老问题的关键。黄改荣认为,当前农村的养老体系中缺少统筹规划的“领路人”,乡村干部要起主导作用,与家庭、卫生室、门诊医院等对接。

  她还坦言,因操作难度有限,护理工作收入不高,现实中确实存在护理人员短缺的情况。她建议,政府出台一系列激励政策,鼓励“以老养老”,鼓励有劳动能力和学习能力的中老年人员培训,在提高农村居民、护理人员收入的同时,又能缓解护理人员不足的窘况。

  她认为,农村振兴要靠人,要考虑能否用乡村产业把人才留下来,未来农村教育和生活质量能否保证,农村养老金如何配置与发放。正如2021年政府工作报告中提及:补齐农村办学条件短板,改善乡村教师待遇;强化农村基本公共服务和公共基础设施建设;改善农村生产生活条件。

  农村“家庭养老”功能弱化

  农工党中央提案中指出,当前中国农村养老责任主体不清晰、家庭养老功能弱化。

  黄改荣认为,养老的第一责任人始终是家庭。农村养老问题亟待解决是事实,现实中一些子女对农村父母不看望、不关心;一味想把父母托付给养老机构;养老意识不健全的现象也确实存在。

  农工党中央提案建议,巩固家庭在农村养老中的基础作用,通过制定乡规民约、签署子女赡养服务协议等方式,强化家庭赡养的主体责任,营造敬老孝老良好氛围。对拒不履行赡养义务的,明确牵头部门进行责任追究。(完)

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shaanxi xutai technology co., ltd. add: floor 10,citic building,no.89 
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brief introduction
 
founded in 1998, shaanxi xutai technology co. ltd is located in xi'an-- chinese historical and cultural city. our factory is located in hanzhong city, which covers an area of 21978 square meters with 13 professional technicians. the company is a research and development production and marketing into a business with a number of highly qualified technical, rich superb technical personnel to advanced management and unique technology.


through the development in the past more than 10 years, we have two main industries products:re-dispersible emulsion powder and tobacco accessories. there are more than 80 kinds of products, which has been serialized. the company always adhere to industry-study-research, introduce the latest technology at home and abroad on the production and management system continually, strictly controls the quality and have advanced testing instruments: muffle furnace, bulk density detection instrument, emulsion adhesion promoting machine, glass transition temperature tester, mimimum film-forming temperature detector ,solid content detecting instrument and rabbah tester etc. our tobacco-specific accessories (cigarette flavor, cigarette sheet improver and special cigarette series of environmental protection glue) abtain a number of patents and is designated suppliers for china tabacco shaanxi industrial co., ltd., china tabacco hunan industrial co., ltd and china tabacco shandong industrial co. ltd.

at the same time, our “bing ma yong” brand re-dispersible emulsion powder is certified as one of the ten most effective brands in china. the products have been applied to the building construction for xi' an terracotta warriors and horses museum, beijing olympic venues, shanghai world expo and xi' an world horticultural expo., and obtain unanimous praise.the company has iso9001 quality control system certification. we have earned high reputation in the world market and are receiving more and more orders from home and abroad. we have established international business relationships successfully with more than 20 countries in the world.
 
from now on,the company will insist on the enterprise development conception that:"integrity-based, guests supremacy"is our eternal creed;quality is the way of winning;talented person and resources are the base of science and technology. the company will contribute itself to the china energy-saving building industry in the development journey, and hope we can make progress together.
 
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